Что такое Кавара?

7 Сен 2010

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Кавара - кровельная черепица из обожженной глины. Появилась она в Китае примерно 2 800 лет тому назад, а в Японию «прибыла» вместе с буддизмом в  середине шестого века из Кореи.

Впервые кровельную черепицу использовали для крыши храма Асука (Асука-дэра в Нара). Вплоть до конца Нара дзидай (710-784) нельзя было  представить кавара на обычной крыше с дымоходом так же, как нельзя представить авторские камины в обычной хрущевке. Дело в том, что  почти до самого окончания периода Нара дзидай не разрешали крыть кавара крыши любых других строений, кроме храмов и святын. В период Эдо было придумано много новых стилей Кавара. Огромная популярность Кавара зависит от того, что черепица, в первую очередь, огнеупорна.

Кавара грубо делят на две категории:

  • Нёяку Гавара или глазурованная плитка
  • Ибуси Кавара или плитка, которую оксидируют, в результате она покрывается серебристой углеродной пленкой.

Что касается формы, то на сегодняшний день известно более 1 000 видов разных по форме видов Кавара.

Ведущими производителями высококачественной плитки в Японии являются Сансю Кавара (Аити), Авадзи Кавара (Хёго), Сэкисю Кавара (Симанэ). Они представляют лучшую из лучших продукций!

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